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Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar & Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

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Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar & Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Born: 21 February 1894

Died: 1 January 1955

  • He was an Indian colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator.
  • The first director-general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
  • He is revered as the “father of research laboratories” in India.
  • He was also the first Chairman of the University Grants Commission(India)(UGC).
  • In 1958, to honour his name and legacy, the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) instituted the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology for scientists who have made significant contributions in various branches of science.
  • His first industrial problem was developing the process for converting bagasse (peelings of sugarcane) into food-cake for cattle.
  • This was done for Sir Ganga Ram, the Grand Old Man of Punjab.
  • He also solved industrial problems for Delhi Cloth & General Mills, J.K. Mills Ltd. of Kanpur, Ganesh Flour Mills Ltd. of Layallapur, Tata Oil Mills Ltd. of Bombay, and Steel Brothers & Co. Ltd. of London.

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Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

Born:21 February 1896

Died:15 October 1961

  • He known by his pen-name as Nirala was a poet, novelist, essayist and story-writer.
  • He also drew many sketches.
  • He is one of the very few people in Hindi literature who are admired and respected by almost all, across all divisions.
  • Today, a park, Nirala Uddyan, an auditorium, Nirala Prekshagrah, and a degree college, Mahapran Nirala Degree College, in the Unnao District are named after him.
  • Many of Nirala’s poems have been translated by the late scholar, David Rubin, which are available in the collections, A Season on the Earth: Selected Poems of Nirala (Columbia University Press, 1977), The Return of Sarasvati: Four Hindi Poets (Oxford University Press, 1993), and Of Love and War: A Chayavad Anthology (Oxford University Press, 2005). Nirala : Aatmhanta Astha was a critical analysis of his works written by Doodhnath Singh.

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