Born: 14 December 1934
- He is an Indian director and screenwriter.
- With his first four feature films Ankur (1973), Nishant (1975), Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977) he was part of a new genre, which has now come to be called the “middle cinema” in India.
- He has expressed dislike of the term, preferring his work to be called New or Alternate cinema.
- He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1976 and the Padma Bhushan in 1991.
- On 8 August 2007, he was awarded the highest award in Indian cinema for lifetime achievement, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2005.
- He has won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi seven times.
- He was awarded the V. Shantaram Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2018 Mumbai International Film Festival.
- He was awarded the Homi J. Bhabha Fellowship (1970–72) which allowed him to work at the Children’s Television Workshop, New York, and later at Boston’s WGBH-TV.
- In 1985 he was a member of the jury at the 14th Moscow International Film Festival.
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December 14, 2019