Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Born:22 May 1772
Died:27 September 1833
- He was one of the founders of the Brahmo Sabha, the precursor of the Brahmo Samaj, a socio-religious reform movement in the Indian subcontinent.
- He was given the title of Raja by Akbar II, the Mughal emperor.
- His influence was apparent in the fields of politics, public administration, education and religion.
- He was known for his efforts to abolish the practices of sati and child marriage.
- He is considered by many historians as the “Father of the Indian Renaissance.”
- In 2004, he was ranked number 10 in BBC’s poll of the Greatest Bengali of all time.
- During this period, he acted as a political agitator whilst employed by the East India Company.
- In 1792, the British Baptist shoemaker William Carey published his influential missionary tract, An Enquiry of the obligations of Christians to use means for the conversion of heathens.
- In 1793, William Carey landed in India to settle.
- His objective was to translate, publish and distribute the Bible in Indian languages and propagate Christianity to the Indian peoples.
- He realised the “mobile” (i.e. service classes) Brahmins and Pandits were most able to help him in this endeavour, and he began gathering them.
- He learnt the Buddhist and Jain religious works to better argue the case for Christianity in a cultural context.
- In 1828, he launched Brahmo Sabha with Devendranath Tagore.
- By 1828, he had become a well known figure in India.
- In 1830, he had gone to England as an envoy of the Mughal Emperor, Akbar Shah II, who invested him with the title of Raja to the court of King William IV.
click here for more details
(Visited 157 times, 1 visits today)
May 22, 2019