Purushottam Das Tandon
Born: 1 August 1882
Died: 1 July 1962
- He was a freedom fighter from Uttar Pradesh, India.
- He is widely remembered for his opposition to the partition of India, as well as efforts in achieving the Official Language of India status for Hindi.
- He was customarily given the title Rajarshi (etymology: Raja + Rishi = Royal Saint).
- He was popularly known as UP Gandhi.
- He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1961.
- He was a member of the Indian National Congress since his student days in 1899.
- In 1906, he represented Allahabad in the All India Congress Committee.
- He was associated with the Congress Party committee that studied the Jallianwala Bagh incident in 1919.
- In the 1920s and 1930s, he was arrested for participating in the Non-Cooperation movement and Salt Satyagraha respectively.
- He and Jawaharlal Nehru were among the people arrested even before Mohandas K. Gandhi returned from the Round Table Conference at London in 1931.
- He was known for his efforts in farmers’ movements and he served as the President, Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha in 1934.
- He also remained President of Servants of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal), a social service organization founded by Lala Lajpat Rai, in 1921.
- He worked as the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the present-day Uttar Pradesh for a period of 13 years, from 31 July 1937 to 10 August 1950.
- He was elected to the Constituent Assembly of India in 1946.
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August 1, 2020