Navalram Laxmiram Pandya

Kliponar / Poet  / Navalram Laxmiram Pandya

Navalram Laxmiram Pandya

Born: 9 March 1836

Died: 7 August 1888

  • He was a Gujarati critic, playwright, poet, essayist, editor, educationist and a social reformer.
  • He is considered to be the most important figure in modern Gujarati literature.
  • The first humourist, the first historical dramatist, the first critic and a leading scholar of his age, he was the first to herald the new generation of writers like Manilal Dwivedi, Govardhanram Tripathi, and Narsinhrao Divetia.
  • His writings covered numerous areas, including philosophy, patriotism, reformation, education, journalism, grammar, and literature.
  • In addition to writing literary essays and book reviews, Navalram was a critic of distinction.
  • He started his writing career with a report on the Maharaj Libel Case (1863).
  • He reviewed the first Gujarati novel, Karan Ghelo in Gujarat Mitra daily in 1867, pioneering the criticism of Gujarati literature.
  • His poetry collections Balalagnabatrisi (1876) criticized child marriage while Balagarbavali (1877) is about ideals of life of women.
  • He edited Premanand Bhatt’s Kunwarbai nu Mameru (1871).
  • His Vyutpattipatha (1887) was a pioneer essay on philology in Gujarati while Nibandh-riti was an essay on writing essays.
  • His complete works are published under Navalgranthavali (1891), edited by Govardhanram Tripathi.

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