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Maithili Sharan Gupt

Kliponar / Poet  / Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt

Born: 3 August 1886

Died: 12 December 1964

  • He was one of the most important modern Hindi poets.
  • He is considered one among the pioneers of Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry and wrote in Khari Boli dialect, at a time when most Hindi poets favored the use of the Braj Bhasha dialect.
  • He was a recipient of the third highest (then second highest) Indian civilian honor of Padma Bhushan.
  • For his book Bharat-Bharati (1912), widely quoted during India’s freedom struggle, he was given the title of Rashtra Kavi by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • After India got independent in 1947, he was also made an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha, where he used poetry to put his opinions before the other members.
  • He remained a member of the Rajya Sabha till his death in 1964.
  • He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1954.
  • His works are based on patriotic themes, among other poets such as Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and Makhanlal Chaturvedi.
  • His poetry is characterized by non-rhyming couplets in Khadi Boli.
  • Although the couplet structure is non-rhyming, the prominent use of alliterations lends a rhythmic backdrop due to the rhythmic alterations between vowels and consonants.
  • He was a religious man, and this can be seen in his works.

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