Maithili Sharan Gupt
Born: 3 August 1886
Died: 12 December 1964
- He was one of the most important modern Hindi poets.
- He is considered one among the pioneers of Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry and wrote in Khari Boli dialect, at a time when most Hindi poets favored the use of the Braj Bhasha dialect.
- He was a recipient of the third highest (then second highest) Indian civilian honor of Padma Bhushan.
- For his book Bharat-Bharati (1912), widely quoted during India’s freedom struggle, he was given the title of Rashtra Kavi by Mahatma Gandhi.
- After India got independent in 1947, he was also made an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha, where he used poetry to put his opinions before the other members.
- He remained a member of the Rajya Sabha till his death in 1964.
- He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1954.
- His works are based on patriotic themes, among other poets such as Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and Makhanlal Chaturvedi.
- His poetry is characterized by non-rhyming couplets in Khadi Boli.
- Although the couplet structure is non-rhyming, the prominent use of alliterations lends a rhythmic backdrop due to the rhythmic alterations between vowels and consonants.
- He was a religious man, and this can be seen in his works.
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August 3, 2019