Born: 8 October 1922
Died: 7 April 2001
- Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran or G.N. Ramachandran was an Indian physicist who was known for his work that led to his creation of the Ramachandran plot for understanding peptide structure.
- He was the first to propose a triple-helical model for the structure of collagen.
- He subsequently went on to make other major contributions in biology and physics.
- He was awarded the prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship in 1968 for research on Protein and Polypeptide Conformation, he was one of its first recipients.
- In 1970, he founded the Molecular Biophysics Unit at the Indian Institute of Science which was later known as the Centre of Advanced Study in Biophysics.
- Ramachandran and A.V. Lakshminarayanan developed convolution-back projection algorithms which greatly improved the quality and practicality of results obtainable by x-ray tomography.
- In 1981, Ramachandran became a founding member of the World Cultural Council.
- Notable awards that Ramachandran received include the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for Physics in India (1961) and the Fellowship of the Royal Society of London.
- In 1999, the International Union of Crystallography honored him with the Ewald Prize for his ‘outstanding contributions to crystallography’.
- He was nominated for the Nobel Prize as well for his fundamental contributions in protein structure and function.
- Each year, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) awards the “G N Ramachandran Gold Medal for Excellence in Biological Sciences & Technology” in his memory for work in Biological Sciences & Technology.
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October 8, 2018