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Dhyan Chand

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Dhyan Chand

Born: 29 August 1905

Died: 3 December 1979

  • He was an Indian hockey player and one of the greatest hockey players in the history of the sport.
  • He was known for his extraordinary goal-scoring feats, in addition to earning three Olympic gold medals, in 1928, 1932 and 1936, during an era where India dominated field hockey.
  • His influence extended beyond these victories, as India won the field hockey event in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964.
  • It is believed that after India defeated Germany in the 1936 Olympics final 8-1, Adolf Hitler offered him a senior post in the German Army, to which Chand refused.
  • Known as The Wizard or The Magician of hockey for his superb ball control, he played internationally from 1926 to 1949; he scored 570 goals in 185 matches according to his autobiography, Goal.
  • The Government of India awarded Chand India’s third highest civilian honor of Padma Bhushan in 1956
  • His birthday, 29 August, is celebrated as National Sports Day in India every year.
  • He was born in Allahabad on August 29, 1905, in a Rajput family.
  • He was one of the most prominent Indian field hockey players.
  • He was the elder brother of another hockey player Roop Singh and the son of Sharadha Singh and Sameshwar Singh.
  • His father was enlisted in the British Indian Army, and he played hockey for the army.
  • He had two brothers – Mool Singh and Roop Singh. Because of his father’s numerous army transfers, the family had to move to different cities and as such Chand had to terminate his education after only six years of schooling.
  • The family finally settled in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Dhyanchand graduated from Victoria College, Gwalior in 1932.
  • Being in the military, his father got a small piece of land for a house.

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