Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava

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Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava

Born: 31 July 1880

Died: 8 October 1936

  • He better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindi-Urdu literature.
  • He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindi writers of the early twentieth century.
  • He began writing under the pen name “Nawab Rai”, but subsequently switched to “Premchand”.
  • He being an honorary prefix. A novel writer, story writer, and dramatist, he has been referred to as the “Upanyas Samrat” (“Emperor among Novelists”) by writers.
  • His works include more than a dozen novels, around 250 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary works into Hindi.
  • He is considered the first Hindi author whose writings prominently featured realism.
  • His novels describe the problems of the poor and the urban middle-class.
  • His works depict a rationalistic outlook, which views religious values as something that allows the powerful hypocrites to exploit the weak.
  • He used literature for the purpose of arousing public awareness about national and social issues and often wrote about topics related to corruption, child widowhood, prostitution, feudal system, poverty, colonialism and on the India’s freedom movement.
  • On 31 July 2016, Google showed a Google doodle in honoring the 136th birthday of Premchand.

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