Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi
Born: 31 July 1907
Died: 29 June 1966
- He was an Indian mathematician, statistician, philologist, historian, and polymath who contributed to genetics by introducing Kosambi map function.
- He is well known for his work in numismatics and for compiling critical editions of ancient Sanskrit texts.
- His father, Dharmananda Damodar Kosambi, had studied ancient Indian texts with a particular emphasis on Buddhism and its literature in the Pali language.
- He emulated him by developing a keen interest in his country’s ancient history.
- He was also a Marxist historian specializing in ancient India who employed the historical materialist approach in his work.
- He has particularly known for his classic work An Introduction to the Study of Indian History.
- He is described as “the patriarch of the Marxist school of Indian historiography”.
- He was critical of the policies of then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, which, according to him, promoted capitalism in the guise of democratic socialism.
- He was an enthusiast of the Chinese revolution and its ideals, and, in addition, a leading activist in the World Peace Movement.
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July 31, 2020