Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi

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Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi

Born: 31 July 1907

Died: 29 June 1966

  • He was an Indian mathematician, statistician, philologist, historian, and polymath who contributed to genetics by introducing Kosambi map function.
  • He is well known for his work in numismatics and for compiling critical editions of ancient Sanskrit texts.
  • His father, Dharmananda Damodar Kosambi, had studied ancient Indian texts with a particular emphasis on Buddhism and its literature in the Pali language.
  • He emulated him by developing a keen interest in his country’s ancient history.
  • He was also a Marxist historian specializing in ancient India who employed the historical materialist approach in his work.
  • He has particularly known for his classic work An Introduction to the Study of Indian History.
  • He is described as “the patriarch of the Marxist school of Indian historiography”.
  • He was critical of the policies of then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, which, according to him, promoted capitalism in the guise of democratic socialism.
  • He was an enthusiast of the Chinese revolution and its ideals, and, in addition, a leading activist in the World Peace Movement.

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