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C V Raman

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C V Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Born:7 November 1888

Died:21 November 1970

  • He  was an Indian physicist born in the former Madras Province in India presently the state of Tamil Nadu, who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics.
  • He discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes wavelength, This phenomenon, subsequently known as Raman scattering, results from the Raman effect.
  • In 1954, India honoured him with its highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.
  • He was honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies.
  • In 1941 he was awarded the Franklin Medal.
  • He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1957. In 1998, the American Chemical Society and Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science recognised Raman’s discovery as an International Historic Chemical Landmark.
  • India celebrates National Science Day on 28 February of every year to commemorate the discovery of the Raman effect in 1928.

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