Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi
Born: 11 December 1882
Died: 11 September 1921
- He was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist, a social reformer and polyglot.
- Popularly known as “Mahakavi Bharathi”, he was a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry and is considered one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time.
- His numerous works included fiery songs kindling patriotism during the Indian Independence movement.
- Born in Ettayapuram of Tirunelveli district (present-day Thoothukudi) in 1882, Bharathi had his early education in Tirunelveli and Varanasi and worked as a journalist with many newspapers, including The Hindu, Bala Bharata, Vijaya, Chakravarthini, the Swadesamitran, and India.
- In 1908, an arrest warrant was issued against Bharati by the government of British India for his revolutionary writings, forcing him to flee to Pondicherry (Union Territory), where he lived until 1918.
- His influence on Tamil literature is phenomenal.
- Although it is said that he was proficient in around 14 languages his favorite language was Tamil.
- He was prolific in his output.
- He covered political, social and spiritual themes.
- The songs and poems composed by Bharati are very often used in Tamil cinema and have become staples in the literary and musical repertoire of Tamil artistes throughout the world.
- He paved the way for modern blank verse.
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December 11, 2019