Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi

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Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi

Born: 11 December 1882

Died: 11 September 1921

  • He was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist, a social reformer and polyglot.
  • Popularly known as “Mahakavi Bharathi”, he was a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry and is considered one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time.
  • His numerous works included fiery songs kindling patriotism during the Indian Independence movement.
  • Born in Ettayapuram of Tirunelveli district (present-day Thoothukudi) in 1882, Bharathi had his early education in Tirunelveli and Varanasi and worked as a journalist with many newspapers, including The Hindu, Bala Bharata, Vijaya, Chakravarthini, the Swadesamitran, and India.
  • In 1908, an arrest warrant was issued against Bharati by the government of British India for his revolutionary writings, forcing him to flee to Pondicherry (Union Territory), where he lived until 1918.
  • His influence on Tamil literature is phenomenal.
  • Although it is said that he was proficient in around 14 languages his favorite language was Tamil.
  • He was prolific in his output.
  • He covered political, social and spiritual themes.
  • The songs and poems composed by Bharati are very often used in Tamil cinema and have become staples in the literary and musical repertoire of Tamil artistes throughout the world.
  • He paved the way for modern blank verse.

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