C . V. Raman, Indian Physicist
An Indian physicist, he is widely known for his work in the field of light scattering. His discovery related to light was termed as the Raman Effect or Raman scattering. He bagged the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery and was the first Asian to receive a Nobel Prize in any branch of science. The Raman Effect was discovered on 28 February 1928. The day is celebrated annually by the Government of India as the National Science Day. In 1954, the Government of India honoured him with the first Bharat Ratna, its highest civilian award.