Bharatendu Harishchandra

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Bharatendu Harishchandra

Born: 9 September 1850

Died: 6 January 1885

  • He is known as the father of Hindi literature as well as Hindi theatre.
  • He is considered one of the greatest Hindi writers of modern India.
  • A recognized poet, he was a trendsetter in Hindi prose-writing.
  • He was an author of several dramas, life sketches, and travel accounts; he used new media like reports, publications, letters to the editor, translations, and literary works to shape public opinion.
  • Writing under the pen name “Rasa”, Harishchandra represented the agonies of the people, the country’s poverty, dependency, inhuman exploitation, the unrest of the middle class, and the urge for the progress of the country.
  • He was an influential Hindu “traditionalist”, using Vaishnava devotional to define a coherent Hindu religion .
  • He made major contributions in the fields of journalism, drama, and poetry.
  • He edited the magazines Kavi Vachan Sudha in 1868 into this magazine he requested Indian people first to use Indian made products or Swadeshi Apnao in March 1874, in 1873 Harishchandra Magazine, Harishchandra Patrika, and Bal Vodhini.

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