Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi & Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu

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Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi & Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu

Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi

Born: 26 August 1927  

  • He, OAL, is an Indian architect.
  • He is considered to be an important figure of Indian architecture and noted for his contributions to the evolution of architectural discourse in India.
  • He is a pioneer of Modernist and Brutalist architecture in India.
  • His more noteworthy designs include the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, Indian Institute of Management Udaipur, National Institute of Fashion Technology New Delhi Campus (Set up in 1986 at Hauz Khas, based on the concept of a central step-well to conserve rainwater, a traditional Indian Baoli and is listed as one of the modern Iconic architecture of Delhi) and the Aranya Low Cost Housing development in Indore which was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
  • In 2018, he became the first Indian architect to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize. 
  • He is a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects and has been on the selection committee for the Pritzker Prize, the Indira GandhiNational Centre for Arts, and the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
  • He is also a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Architects.
  • As an academician, Dr. Doshi has been visiting the United States and Europe since 1958.
  • In March 2018, Doshi was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize, the Nobel equivalent for the field, thus becoming the first Indian to receive the honor.
  • The Pritzker jury announced that Doshi “has always created an architecture that is serious, never flashy or a follower of trends”, and noted his “deep sense of responsibility and a desire to contribute to his country and its people through high quality, authentic architecture”.

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Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu

Born: 26 August 1910

Died: 5 September 1997

  • She, commonly known as Mother Teresa and honored in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
  • She was born in Skopje (now the capital of North Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
  • After living in Skopje for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.
  • In 1950, she founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation that had over 4,500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012.
  • The congregation manages homes for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis.
  • It also runs soup kitchens, dispensaries, mobile clinics, children’s and family counselling programs, as well as orphanages and schools.
  • Members take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, and also profess a fourth vow—to give “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor.”
  • She received a number of honors, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • She was canonized (recognized by the church as a saint) on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.
  • She was admired by many for her charitable work.
  • She was praised and at times criticized for her [opposition to abortion].
  • Her authorized biography was written by Navin Chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books.
  • On September 6, 2017, she and St. Francis Xavier were named co-patrons of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta.

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